General

Helvetia Head (Vreneli) 20 Swiss Francs Gold Coin

The Vreneli gold coin is the casual identify of a collection of gold cash made in Switzerland. The coin is understood by a wide range of names, formally as Helvetia Head (English) Tête d’Helvetia (French) or Helvetiakopf (German). Informally in addition it is generally notable as Vreneli, Helvetia, Swiss Miss or simply as a Gold 20 Swiss Francs. The Vreneli is a bullion gold coin even so does have numismatic supporters too.

The cash have been issued between 1897 and 1936, in 1947 and in 1949. The coin ceased to be authorized tender in 1936 and all cash issued after 1936 are restrikes.

Helvetia Head (Vreneli) 20 Swiss Francs Gold Coin

The collection consisted of 10, 20 and 100 Swiss franc cash. The 20 francs is by far the preferred. The 100 franc coin was entirely made in 1925 with a small concern of 5000. Over the collection about 61 million cash have been produced.

All of the cash have been made in 90% gold (millesimal fineness of 900).

The Obverse exhibits the top of a jr. girl with but the phrases ‘HELVETIA’ written above. The feminine determine has platted hair and her shoulders are coated with a garment. Within the background are the Swiss mountains.

The reverse of the 20 franc coin exhibits the Swiss defend, that includes the Swiss Cross, and a wreath of oak tied with ribbons together with the denomination on the left (on this case 20) and the forex on the suitable (FR for Swiss Francs).

One Coin, Many Names

The design was by Fritz Ulysse Landry in 1895 and it’s thought the mannequin for the obverse was Françoise Engli.

The coin is named Helvetia as a result of single inscription on the obverse. Helvetia is the feminine nationwide personification of Switzerland, formally Confœderatio Helvetica, the Swiss Confederation. Helvetia can also be a variation of the official Latin identify of Switzerland.

The identify Vreneli is although to derive from Verena, one other personification of the Confederation of Switzerland inside the feminine image (much like the American Woman Liberty). Because of this the cash are generally colloquially notable as Swiss Miss.

The cash have been minted on the Swiss Mint at Bern (though the die was carven on the Paris mint). The cash carry a mint mark of a “B” (with out a dot) for Bern. The restrikes have a mintmark of “L”.

The 20 franc coin specification is:

  • Diameter: 21 mm
  • Thickness: 1.25 mm
  • Weight: 6.45g, so gold content material is 5.805g or 0.1866 oz

The ten franc coin weighs 3.23g and has 2.9g of pure gold.

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